Flower beds and flower beds
Classic flower beds (as flower beds are more correctly called) are a decorative flower arrangement with a geometric shape and a flat surface. The flower bed is the main type of flower beds. It can consist of either one type of plant or a combination of several flowers. Regardless of the size, such a flower garden can be round, square, triangular, oval, semicircular or rectangular. When creating large compositions, standard templates are used, with the help of which the main form is duplicated. The main subdivision of this type of flower beds and flower beds is carried out into carpets and flower beds. The former are created on the basis of low-growing plants, while the latter include flowers of various heights and sizes.
If earlier the classic flower garden consisted of at least five types of plants, today the flower bed can be monochromatic. Often there are flower beds of three or four plants, as well as complex ensembles of ten or more flowers. Beds and types of flower beds are distinguished by style, color palette, density of placement and combination of plants. The main condition for creating a flower bed is the use of plants, the care of which is as similar as possible - this principle greatly facilitates the process of growing and preserving the decorative properties of a flower garden. A photo of flower bed species clearly illustrates the possibility of a simultaneous combination of one - and perennial plants, undersized flowers and tall shrubs. The most used flowers to create a flower bed are pansies, lobelia, salvia, marigolds, perennial carnations and Gaillardia.
Perennial flowers - the basis for creating a flower bed
There are two large varieties of flowers. The first group are annuals, which are planted with seeds and grow in just one season. The second group is perennials, plants that require more care, but at the same time are able to delight the gardener for several years.
Perennial plants have a number of advantages that are appreciated among those who like to grow flowers on the site:
- great species diversity, which is very important when creating a flower bed
- long life of the plant. Only the upper part dies off, and the roots are able to exist for more than 6 years in some plants
- reproduction using rhizomes, shoots or seeds, which allows you to later transplant flowers to other flower beds and create additional flower beds
- a large number of medicinal plants among perennial species, which makes it possible to get a real "green" pharmacy at the dacha.
Types of flower beds
All flower beds (including flower beds) are divided into regular and irregular. The first are a bright sign of park landscaping. All plants planted in such a flower garden bloom at the same time, sometimes they alternate with decorative leafy forms. Correctly designed regular flower beds should remain decorative for as long as possible, ideally continuous flowering continues throughout the season.
Irregular plantings do not obey such strict canons. Here you can find flowers blooming in early spring, summer and autumn, plants, which eventually lose their decorative effect, are masked by taller or branched specimens.
Flower beds are divided according to the form of planting and their location. In private gardens, ridges that line the paths are very popular. The rabatka can consist of annuals or perennials; miniature and tall plants are suitable for it. Usually several types of colors are chosen in a harmonious range. The mixborder has a freer look. It looks like a rabatka, but a richer selection of plants is used for decoration. The combination of flowers, decorative deciduous plants and herbs looks very beautiful.
Curbs can be placed in a separate category. This is a narrow strip of plants, bordering the beds, flower beds, lawns, mixborders. To create such colored stripes, any low-growing plants with lush greenery are suitable: subulate phlox, hoya, salvia, petunias.
The original version for the garden is rockery. This is a composition that combines large stones and various plants: flowers, herbs, low-growing shrubs and even dwarf trees, deciduous or coniferous. Some rockeries imitate the natural landscape - hills with ledges, rocky heaps. Water bodies can also be included in the composition: small ponds, streams and even mini-waterfalls.